Abstract Clinical Performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra Test

Introduction

The LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test is an automated rapid microfluidic immunofluorescence assay for use with the LumiraDx Platform, reporting the patient result in under 5 minutes from sample application. The test is intended for near-patient testing and the qualitative detection of the nucleocapsid protein antigen from SARSCoV-2 directly from anterior nasal swab samples collected from individuals suspected of COVID-19 by their healthcare provider within the first twelve days of symptom onset or from individuals without symptoms or other epidemiological reasons to suspect COVID-19.

Clinical Performance

Multiple datasets have been obtained to determine the clinical performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test.

Clinical Performance With Samples Collected From Symptomatic Individuals

The performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was established with 81 direct nasal swabs prospectively collected from individual subjects during the COVID-19 pandemic. Samples were collected from subjects who presented with symptoms of COVID-19 or Influenza like illness. No positive results were observed from patients without symptoms or beyond 12 days since symptom onset (DSSO). Dual nasal swabs were simultaneously collected and then randomly allocated to testing with the LumiraDx test or an EUA authorized PCR reference method. Swabs were collected and extracted into the LumiraDx Extraction Buffer without transport media. Samples were frozen within 1 hour of collection. Samples were thawed and tested according to LumiraDx instructions. The performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was compared to the results from nasal swabs collected into 3ml universal transport medium (UTM) and tested with an EUA authorized PCR reference method.

The table below (Table 1) shows the performance measure, and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method for 81 nasal samples collected up to and including 12 DSSO for the detection of SARS-CoV-2.

GroupingNPPA95% CI
Ct (all)4192.7%(80.6%, 97.5%)
Ct <34 (all)3997.4%(86.8%, 99.5%)
Ct <33 (all)3897.4%(86.5%, 99.5%)
Ct <30 (all)3597.1%(85.5%, 99.5%)
Ct <25 (all)25100.0%(86.7%, 100.0%)

Table 1. Samples with Ct’s above 33-34 are generally considered to be non-infectious.
PPA (Positive percent agreement), CI (Confidence interval)1

The following table (Table 2) shows the agreement between LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 AgUltra and the Reference RTPCR assay for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in 79 samples collected to Ct 34 and including 12 DSSO.

RT-PCR to Ct <3495% Wilson Score CI
LumiraDx SARSCoV- 2 Ag UltraPOSNEGTotalMeasureEstimateLCIUCI
POS38038PPA97.4%86.8%99.5%
NEG14041NPA100.0%91.2%100.0%
TOTAL394079PPV100.0%90.8%100.0%
NPV97.6%87.4%99.6%
Prevalence49.4%38.6%60.2%
OPA (% Agreement)98.7%93.2%99.8%

Table 2. NPA (Negative percent agreement) , PPV (Positive predictive value), NPV (Negative predictive value), OPA (Overall Percent Agreement), LCI (Lower confidence interval), UCI (Upper confidence interval)

Clinical Performance With Samples Collected From Asymptomatic Individuals

Performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was further established with 52 anterior nasal swabs collected from asymptomatic subjects. Swabs were collected and extracted into the LumiraDx Extraction Buffer. Samples were frozen within 1 hour of collection and stored until tested. The performance of the LumiraDx SARS CoV-2 Ultra test was compared to the results from paired anterior nasal swab samples collected into 3ml universal transport medium (UTM) and tested with an EUA authorized PCR method.

Table 3, below, shows the performance measure and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method.

GroupingNPPA95% CI
Ct (all)2395.7%(79.0%, 99.2%)
Ct <30 (all)22100.0%(85.1%, 100.0%)
Ct <25 (all)18100.0%(82.4%, 100.0%)

Table 3

The following table (Table 4) shows the agreement between LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra and the Reference RTPCR assay for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in samples collected from asymptomatic individuals.

RT-PCR95% Wilson Score CI
LumiraDx SARS-CoV- 2 Ag UltraPOSNEGTotalMeasureEstimateLCIUCI
POS22022PPA95.7%79.0%99.2%
NEG12930NPA100.0%88.3%100.0%
TOTAL233952PPV100.0%85.1%100.0%
NPV96.7%83.3%99.4%
Prevalence44.2%31.6%57.7%
OPA (% Agreement)98.1%89.9%99.7%

Table 4

Clinical Performance - Expanded data set with Anterior Nasal swab as reference method

The performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was further investigated using additional samples to create a dataset of 477 direct nasal swabs prospectively collected from individual subjects during the COVID-19 pandemic. Samples were collected from sequentially enrolled subjects who presented with symptoms of COVID-19 or from asymptomatic screening. No positive results were observed from patients who presented with symptoms beyond 12 days since symptom onset (DSSO). The performance of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was compared to the results from nasal swabs collected into 3ml universal transport medium (UTM) and tested with an EUA authorized PCR method.

The following table (Table 5) displays the number of positive and negative subjects correctly identified by the LumiraDx device vs RT-PCR across days since symptom onset (DSSO):

DSSOCumulative PCR +veLDx
+ve
PPALCIUCICumilative PCR -veLDx
-ve
NPALCIUCI
033100.0%43.9%100.0%88100.0%67.6%100.0%
41099789.0%81.7%93.6%23823799.6%97.7%99.9%
713812288.4%82.0%92.7%27927899.6%98.0%99.9%
1214312788.8%82.6%93.0%28228199.6%98.0%99.9%

Table 5

The table below (Table 6) shows the performance measure, and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method for groupings of the results below.

GroupingNPPA95% CI
Ct (all)16689.8%(84.2%, 93.5%)
Ct <35 (all)14996.0%(91.5%, 98.1%)
Ct <34 (all)14498.6%(95.1%, 99.6%)
Ct <33 (all)14198.6%(95.0%, 99.6%)
Ct <30 (all)12898.4%(94.5%, 99.6%)
Ct <25 (all)9198.9%(94.0%, 99.8%)

Table 6

The following table (Table 7) shows the performance measure, and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method for subjects results above.

RT-PCR95% Wilson Score CI
LumiraDx SARSCoV- 2 Ag UltraPOSNEGTotalMeasureEstimateLCIUCI
POS1491150PPA89.8%84.2%93.5%
NEG17310327NPA99.7%98.2%99.9%
TOTAL166311477PPV99.3%96.3%99.9%
NPV94.8%91.8%96.7%
Prevalence34.8%30.7%39.2%
OPA (% Agreement)96.2%94.1%97.6%

Table 7

Clinical Performance - Expanded data set with Nasopharyngeal swab as reference method

For 346 subjects in the previous dataset, an additional Nasopharyngeal swab was collected following dual nasal collection. The Nasopharyngeal swab was placed into 3ml universal transport medium (UTM) and tested with an EUA authorized PCR method.

The table below (Table 8), shows the number of positive and negative subjects correctly identified by the LumiraDx device vs RT-PCR across days since symptom onset (DSSO).

DSSOCumulative PCR +veLDx
+ve
PPALCIUCICumilative PCR -veLDx
-ve
NPALCIUCI
033100.0%43.9%100.0%88100.0%67.6%100.0%
4796987.3%78.2%93.0%20320299.5%97.3%99.9%
71008686.0%77.9%91.5%24124099.6%97.7%99.9%
121038986.4%78.5%91.7%24324299.6%97.7%99.9%

Table 8

The following table (Table 9) shows the performance measure, and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method for groupings of the results below.

GroupingNPPA95% CI
Ct (all)10386.4%(78.5%, 91.7%)
Ct <35 (all)9790.7%(83.3%, 95.0%)
Ct <34 (all)9492.6%(85.4%, 96.3%)
Ct <33 (all)9193.4%(86.4%, 96.9%)
Ct <30 (all)8496.4%(90.0%, 98.8%)
Ct <25 (all)5998.3%(91.0%, 99.7%)

Table 9

The following table (Table 10) shows the performance measure, and 95% confidence intervals, as calculated with the Wilson Score method for the results above, up to and including 12 DSSO using an EUA authorized RT-PCR method as the reference.

RT-PCR95% Wilson Score CI
LumiraDx SARSCoV- 2 Ag UltraPOSNEGTotalMeasureEstimateLCIUCI
POS89190PPA86.4%78.5%91.7%
NEG14242256NPA99.6%97.7%99.9%
TOTAL103243346PPV98.9%94.0%99.8%
NPV94.5%91.0%96.7%
Prevalence29.8%25.2%34.8%
OPA (% Agreement)95.7%93.0%97.4%

Table 10

Analytical Performance (LoD)

Limit of Detection (LoD) studies were carried out to determine the lowest detectable concentration of SARS-CoV-2 at which 95% of all (true positive) replicates test positive. The LoD for the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was established using limiting dilutions of Ultraviolet (UV) inactivated SARS-CoV-2 (Zeptometrix 0810622UV).

An initial LoD screening study was performed using a 5-fold serial dilutions of the UV inactivated virus made in pooled negative human nasal matrix starting at a test concentration of 1.6 x 103 TCID50/mL and processed for each study. These dilutions were tested in triplicate and across 3 LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra Lot numbers. The lowest concentration at which all replicates were positive was chosen for LoD Range finding, which gave a result of 1600 TCID50/mL.

Using the 1600 TCID50/mL concentration, the LoD was further refined using a 2-fold dilution series of the UV inactivated virus made in pooled negative human nasal matrix. These dilutions were tested in triplicate. The lowest concentration at which all replicates were positive was treated as the tentative LoD for the LumiraDx SARSCoV-2 Ag Ultra test. This was 800 TCID50/mL. The LoD of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test was then confirmed by testing 20 replicates with concentrations at the tentative Limit of Detection. The final LoD of the LumiraDx SARSCoV-2 Ag Ultra test was determined to be the lowest concentration resulting in positive detection of at least 19 out of 20 replicates. Based on this testing the LoD for nasal swab samples was confirmed as 800 TCID50/mL.

For comparability, the LumiraDx 12 minute SARS-CoV-2 Ag test was tested using the UV inactivated virus stock to compare LoD. The results in the table (Table 11) below demonstrate that both test strips have an LoD of 800 TCID50/mL. This confirms that the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test has an equivalent LoD to the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag test.

LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag test
(12 min test)
SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra Lot ASARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra Lot B
SARS-CoV-2 tested
(TCDI50/mL using
Zeptometrix 0810622UV
Test ResultTest ResultTest Result
6003/3 positive3/3 positive3/3 positive
8003/3 positive3/3 positive3/3 positive
4000/3 positive2/3 positive4/20 positive
2000/3 positive0/3 positive0/3 positive
1000/3 positive0/3 positive0/3 positive
500/3 positive0/3 positive0/3 positive

Table 11

Conclusion

The LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test can provide accurate testing of more patients, optimization of clinic workflows and assistance in triaging patients without delay by providing results in just 5 minutes. The LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test displays high sensitivity in patients with a Ct value <34 within 12 days of the onset of symptoms, enabling the rapid identification of potentially infectious individuals. In clinical studies, the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra test demonstrated 95.7% positive agreement versus RT-PCR in samples collected from asymptomatic individuals. The high sensitivity of the LumiraDx SARS-CoV-2 Ag Ultra Test in asymptomatic patients can be used as an important tool in breaking the chain of transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

References

  1. La Scola B., Le Bideau M., Andreani J., Hoang V.T., Grimaldier C., Colson P. Viral RNA load as determined by cell culture as a management tool for discharge of SARS-CoV-2 patients from infectious disease wards. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020:39(6): 1059-1061

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